We all have heard the power of words. Singing of Deepak Raag, fires the lamps and singing Raag Malhar, raining starts. The various sound of music alleviates the chronic diseases. Chanting of mantras creates vibrations in atoms of body and powerful energy.
The Gayatri mantra is considered crown in all Hindu mantras and being very potent in invoking the universal Brahman. The mantra is extracted from the 10th verse of Hymn 62 in Book III of the Rig Veda. The glory of the mantra is mentioned in all Vedas and other Hindu scriptures. It has been praised by various rishis and Acharya. Dr.Howard Steingeril, an American scientist, tested the strength of Mantras, Hymns and invocations of all over the world. Gayatri Mantra produced 110,000 sound waves /second. This was the highest and was found to be the most powerful hymn in the world. The Gayatri mantra is as under:
ॐ भूर्भुवस्व: | तत्सवितुर्वरेण्यम् | भर्गो देवस्य धीमहि | धियो यो न: प्रचोदयात्
Om Bhurbhuvaswaha Tatsaviturvarenyam bhargo devasya dhimahi dhiyo yo naha prachodayat,
Gayatri sadhana brings physical, mental and spiritual happiness and helps in realization of cosmic consciousness (almighty). Gayatri Mantra inspires the mind for satvik actions. It has 24 syllables which activates 24 glands of body (details given in coming paras).
Yagyopaveet or upanayan (Sacred Thread Ceremony) Sanskar and commencement of study of Vedas, are started with Gayatri Mantra.
Gayatri mata is shown with five faces and ten hands. Five faces symbolizes five deities (Aum, Ganesha, Vishnu, Shiva & Bhavani), five elements of life (Earth, Water, Air, Akash & Fire), five sheaths of living being (Annmaya, Pranamaya, Manomaya, Vijyanmaya & Anandamaya), five senses (see, hear, smell, touch & taste), five organs of action (powers of speech, handling, movement, excretion and procreation or reproduction) and five internal instruments (Soul, Ego, Intellect, Mind & Chit). Ten hands destroy corrupt eyes, dependency, triviality, fear, negligence, selfishness, indecision, passion, greed and laziness.
The details of Gayatri Mantra such as its meanings, genesis and significance are given hereunder:-
Gayatri Mantra, a prayer
While chanting the Gayatri Mantra, we pray the Parmatma (Supreme God). The mantra has following meanings:
Chanting of Gayatri Mantra
Gayatri Mantra should be chanted correctly and according to rules. Chanting of Gayatri mantra should be done in erect sitting posture, with concentrated, calm & stable mind, preferably after taking bath, not loudly (person sitting next to you, not hear), etc. However, elaborate rules are prescribed by different texts.
While chanting Gayatri Mantra, thinking its meaning and discarding other thoughts, it leads human beings towards divinity.
It has 24 syllables which activates 24 glands of body (1.tat–Tapini–success, 2. sa-saphalta-bravery, 3.vi-vishwa-maintenance, 4.tru-tushti-wellbeing, 5.va-varda-love, 6.re-revati-love, 7.ni-sookshma-money, 8.yam-gyana-brilliance, 9.bhar-bharga-defence, 10.go-gomati-intellect, 11.de-devika-suppression, 12.va-varahi-devotion, 13.sya-sinhani-retention, 14.dhee-dhyan-vital energy, 15.ma-maryada-self-restraint, 16.hi-sfuta-tap, 17.dhi-medha-far sightedness, 18.yo-yohmaya-awakening, 19.yo-yogini-production, 20.naha-dharini-sweetness, 21.pra-prabhava-ideal, 22.cho-ooshma-courage, 23.da-drashya-wisdom and 24.yat-niranjan-service) .
Gayatri Sandhya is done thrice a day viz. at the time of sunrise, afternoon and sunset.
In Hinduism, man and woman have equal rights in spiritual practice, liberation and practice of mantras. Names of large number of rishikais (female rishis) are mentioned in Rigveda (verses-10.39, 10.40, 10.91, 10.95, 10.107, 10.109, 10.154, 10.159, 10.189, 10.134, 5.28, 8.91, etc.). In Vishnu Puran (verse-1.10, 18.91) and Markanday Puran (verse-52) also mention about rishikais who used to give sermons on Brahman.
Significance of Gayatri Mantra
The mantra has been praised in various Hindu scriptures and by rishis & Acharya.