Emergence of Diverse Modes of Worship in Hinduism
It is always a matter of great interest that the most ancient religion of the world has a very comprehensive range of worship, prayer and to establish connection with God to suit every personality. The emergence of diverse modes of establishing connection with Gods is the outcome of intense researches done by ancient Vedic rishis during over 5000 years ago to saint singers of Bhakti movement which swept Bharat during medieval period.
Worship in Hinduism always aims at achieving Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Diverse modes of worship such as Yajna, Yoga & Dhyana, Upvas (full or partial fasting to remember god whole day), Japa (chanting of mantra such as Gayatri mantra, beej mantra etc for deity), Bhajan & Kirtan (chanting of hymns/verses in praise of deity) and Upasna (performing traditional puja) are important constituents.
Depending on one’s preferences, one can stick to one or more of the following:
1. Activities by organs – such as yajna, traditional puja system;
2. Activities by mind – such as japa, dhyana, upvas;
3. Activities by mouth – chanting of prayer, mantra, bhajan, kirtan.
The various modes of worship are discussed as under:
Please also see detailed article on my website named as “Yag, Havan and Yajna” published on 22.02.2019 under the category “Puja System”.
Yoga or inner Yajna
Please also see detailed article on my website named as “Patanjali Yog Darshan” published on 28.08.2018 under the category “Philosophy”.
Traditional Puja System
Please also see related articles on my website named as “Puja” published on 10.08.2017, “Tantra” published on 22.02.2019 and “Yantra: under the category “Puja System”.
Upvas, Japa, Bhajan and Kirtan
Please also see related articles on my website namely “Mantra” published on 06.11.2018, “Bhakti Yoga” published on 07.03.2018 under the category “Philosophy”; “Chanting of Mantra” published on 15.09.2018 under the category “Puja System”; “Vaishnava Bhakts” published on 02.03.2018 under the category “Deities, Philosophers & Bhakts”.
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