The Bhagavad Gita – the Sanyasa Yoga (सन्यास योग)
श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता ॥ ॥ ॐ श्री परमात्मने नमः ॥ ॥ अथ श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता ॥
Shree Krishna has explained about the Sanyasa Yoga in chapter 18 of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita.
Sanyasa (renunciation) is wholly renouncing the desire for all kinds of enjoyment of this world and the next. God may be realized through seven types of renunciation.
Among them, it has been stated that, the first five types of renunciation indicate the first stage of Wisdom, renunciations upto the sixth type indicate the marks of the second stage of Wisdom, and renunciations upto the seventh type indicate the marks of the third stage of Wisdom. He, who attains ripeness in the third stage of Wisdom above, at once realizes God, the embodiment of Existence, Knowledge and Bliss. He loses all connection with this transient, destructible, impermanent world.
Seven classes, the marks of renunciation are mentioned below:
In the person, who has reached the sixth stage of renunciation stated above, there may be, now and then, some slight manifestation of attachment, when there is any special contact with objects of enjoyment; but in the person, who has reached the seventh stage of renunciation, there can be no attachment, even when there is contact with objects of enjoyment for in his conception, except God, no other object remains. That is why this renunciation has been described as Supreme Dispassion. Following attributes make their appearance:
Truthfulness (Statement of facts in sweet words, representing exactly what is realized by the mind and the senses),
The Sannyasa yoga is discussed by Shree Krishna as under (in bracket, chapter. verse) (the relevant Sanskrit verses of Bhagavad Gita are mentioned at the bottom):
Sanyasa (renunciation) is giving up (wife, children, wealth, other goods and Yajna, charity, penance & puja etc.) of all actions motivated by desire and the wise declare that Tyaga consists in relinquishing the fruit of all actions (18.2).
Sanyasi (man of renunciation):
काम्यानां कर्मणां न्यासं संन्यासं कवयो विदुः । सर्वकर्मफलत्यागं प्राहुस्त्यागं विचक्षणाः ॥ १८-२॥ न द्वेष्ट्यकुशलं कर्म कुशले नानुषज्जते । त्यागी सत्त्वसमाविष्टो मेधावी छिन्नसंशयः ॥ १८-१०॥ न हि देहभृता शक्यं त्यक्तुं कर्माण्यशेषतः । यस्तु कर्मफलत्यागी स त्यागीत्यभिधीयते ॥ १८-११॥ अनिष्टमिष्टं मिश्रं च त्रिविधं कर्मणः फलम् । भवत्यत्यागिनां प्रेत्य न तु संन्यासिनां क्वचित् ॥ १८-१२॥