During medieval period, the entire India was swept by Bhakti movement of Vaishnava tradition. This movement represented spiritual empowerment of the masses. The corresponding spiritual movement of the masses first happened in South India in the seventh century, and spread in various parts of India (UP, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Bengal, Orissa, Delhi etc.) in the 14th-17th centuries.
Bhakti poets such as Alwars, Raidas, Narsigh Mehta, Haidas, Meera Bai, Namdev, Ramananda, Surdas, Tulsidas, Eknath, Tyagaraja, Chaitanya Mahaprabhu and many others influenced the expansion of Vaishnavism. They wrote a large number of Bhajans (poetries) in the glory of Parmatama and taught the religion of love and kindness to society.
Bhakts (devotees) borne in different parts of nation during this period gave message of:
The details of such bhakts are as under:
The Alwars (6th to 9th Century), Tamil Nadu:
Namdev ((1270 – 1350 AD) born in the state of Maharashtra village of Naras-Vamani, in Satara district (presently called Narsi Namdev), Maharashtra.
Jnaneshwar son of Vitthalpant, (1385-1407AD), born in Alindi, Pune, Maharashtra:
Raidas son of cobbler (1399-1519 AD) born in Mandur, Kashi, UP: He worshipped chturbhuj murti and is known for Raidasi.
Ramanand (1400—1470), born in Allahabad and settled in Varanasi, UP.
a. He founded Ramanandi Sampraday.
b. According to Ramananda, Lord Rama was the supreme spirit and humanity was one big family.
c. He fought against the evils of caste system and advocated devotion to reach God.
Surdas (blind) son of Ramdas (saraswat Brahmin, 1479-1582 AD), born in Delhi:
Tulsidas son of Atmaram dube (1478-1624 AD), born in Kashi, UP:
Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534), born in Mayapur, Bangladesh.
Vitthalnath Son of Vallabhacharya (1516 AD) Birth - born in Chunar, Kashi, UP stayed in Gokul & Mathura; Gujarat:
Haridas (1569-1649 AD); born in Aligarh, stayed in Vrindavan,
Eknath (1534-1600 AD), born in Paithan near Aurangabad, Maharashtra:
Mirabai daughter of Ratnasinh Rajput (Born between 1499 to 1504 AD), born in Medata, Rajasthan in Rajput royal family, stayed also in Dwarka:
Samarth Ramdas (1608-1681 AD ), born in Jamb, Maharashtra:
Tukaram son of Kanobi (lower varna) (1609-1649 AD), born in Dehu Pune, Maharashtra:
Gauribai (1759-1809 AD), born in Dungarpur, on border of Gujarat & Rajasthan:
She wrote over thousands bhajans, majority in Gujarati.
Thyagraj son of Rama Brahmam (1767-1847 AD), born in Tiruvalur, Tanjore, Tamil Nadu:
Kabir (14th -15th Century) born in Varanasi, UP and brought by muslim weavers, disciple of Saint Ramananda: