Who is Devotee (भक्त) - The Bhagavad Gita
॥ श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता ॥ ॥ ॐ श्री परमात्मने नमः ॥ ॥ अथ श्रीमद्भगवद्गीता ॥
Shrimad Bhagavad Gita has explained to Arjuna, the attributes of Devotee or Bhakta in its various chapters. Bhaktas are dear to the almighty. A true bhakta get liberation from re-birth.
A bhakta is a friend of all, free from self-centredness, unaffected by vanity (arrogance) and pride, ever cheerful, patient in all circumstances and situations, firm in his resolves, absolutely self-surrendered to the God, attracting love and affection of all, unperturbed, pure, indifferent to worldly values, devoid of the feeling that he is the doer of anything, alike to friend & foe, alike in praise and insult, and looking on the whole world as his home. Detachment, universal love, resignation, self-control, absence of egoism etc. are the common characteristics of perfect person.
For one who is thus endowed with devotion that constantly makes the mind centred in Me (Brahman, Almighty, Shree Krishna), there is no need of knowledge and renunciation, as disciplines, separate from the practice of devotion, for attainment of the highest spiritual goal.
Shree Krishna says, when a man continues to follow the disciplines of Bhakti without break, I begin to dwell in his heart and thereupon, all the desires of the heart are destroyed owing to my presence. When an aspirant realises Me, the soul of all, his ego-sense, which constitutes the knot of the heart, is cut as under:
The path of devotion has advantage that, as he depends on personal God and not on his effort alone. Shree Krishna says that He is always at back to lift devotee out of the ocean of samsara. The persons should practise whole-hearted devotion.
Service of living beings with feeling that almighty dwell in them is real pada seva of God. Ritualism need to be accompanied by the service of society, of poor and the holy ones without them, it is futile.
The detailed explanations of attributes of Bhakta, chapter wise and verse-wise of Shrimad Bhagavad Gita (the relevant Sanskrit verses of Bhagavad Gita are mentioned at the bottom) are as under:
अद्वेष्टा सर्वभूतानां मैत्रः करुण एव च । निर्ममो निरहङ्कारः समदुःखसुखः क्षमी ॥ १२-१३॥ सन्तुष्टः सततं योगी यतात्मा दृढनिश्चयः । मय्यर्पितमनोबुद्धिर्यो मद्भक्तः स मे प्रियः ॥ १२-१४॥ यस्मान्नोद्विजते लोको लोकान्नोद्विजते च यः । हर्षामर्षभयोद्वेगैर्मुक्तो यः स च मे प्रियः ॥ १२-१५॥ अनपेक्षः शुचिर्दक्ष उदासीनो गतव्यथः । सर्वारम्भपरित्यागी यो मद्भक्तः स मे प्रियः ॥ १२-१६॥ यो न हृष्यति न द्वेष्टि न शोचति न काङ्क्षति । शुभाशुभपरित्यागी भक्तिमान्यः स मे प्रियः ॥ १२-१७॥ समः शत्रौ च मित्रे च तथा मानापमानयोः । शीतोष्णसुखदुःखेषु समः सङ्गविवर्जितः ॥ १२-१८॥ तुल्यनिन्दास्तुतिर्मौनी सन्तुष्टो येन केनचित् । अनिकेतः स्थिरमतिर्भक्तिमान्मे प्रियो नरः ॥ १२-१९॥ ये तु धर्म्यामृतमिदं यथोक्तं पर्युपासते । श्रद्दधाना मत्परमा भक्तास्तेऽतीव मे प्रियाः ॥ १२-२०॥
मन्मना भव मद्भक्तो मद्याजी मां नमस्कुरु । मामेवैष्यसि सत्यं ते प्रतिजाने प्रियोऽसि मे ॥ १८-६५॥ सर्वधर्मान्परित्यज्य मामेकं शरणं व्रज । अहं त्वा सर्वपापेभ्यो मोक्षयिष्यामि मा शुचः ॥ १८-६६॥